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Communication Apprehension

Joohan Kim

Subject Psychology
Communication Studies » Interpersonal Communication

Key-Topics conflict, stress

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405131995.2008.x


Communication apprehension refers to one's anxious feelings about communication. McCroskey defines communication apprehension as “an individual's level of fear or anxiety associated with real or anticipated communication with another person or persons” (1977, 78). Communication apprehension has been one of the most studied individual differences in the field of interpersonal communication, under a variety of labels such as social anxiety, reticence, shyness, unwillingness to communicate, and social-communicative anxiety ( Daly & McCroskey 1984 ). The scope of subjects includes dating anxiety, receiver apprehension or informational reception apprehension, singing apprehension, writing apprehension, and intercultural communication apprehension ( Knapp & Daly 2002 ). Richmond & McCroskey (1998) suggest that there are at least four types of communication apprehension: (1) trait-like communication apprehension, which cuts across time, receiver, and situation; (2) context-based communication apprehension, which is associated with a single type of communication context cutting across receiver and time; (3) audience-based communication apprehension, which is associated with a single receiver or group of receivers cutting across context and time; and (4) situational communication apprehension, which is specific to a given context with a given receiver at a given time. Scholars ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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