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Cartoons

John A. Lent

Subject Art
Communication Studies » Visual and Non-verbal Communication

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405131995.2008.x


Extract

Cartoons can be simply described as humorous drawings, separated into political or editorial, which use →  caricature , humor, and satire to comment on current affairs and influence →  public opinion , and social or gag, which poke fun at daily life and its problems or merely illustrate jokes. Although political cartoons normally are found in daily →  Newspapers , where they often support editorial views, they have also appeared in →  magazines , on →  Television , and as broadsheets and →  posters . Gag cartoons typically are in general interest magazines, some of which (e.g., Saturday Evening Post, Collier's, Esquire , and New Yorker in the US) were famous for them, and in cartoon/humor periodicals (most notably, the long-lived Punch of the UK and Mad in the US). The lineage of cartoons is long. Some early examples include Bishop Toba's humorous scrolls kidding Japanese religious and government leaders a millennium ago; the satirical prints of England's William Hogarth, James Gillray, George Cruikshank, and Thomas Rowlandson; France's Honoré Daumier and others who published in Caricature and Charivari in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; and the colonial unity drawings of Benjamin Franklin in the 1740s–1750s. Because of its often loose definition, the cartoon can include some of Pablo Picasso's abstract works, Francisco Goya's drawings entitled “Disasters of ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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